Goldfadn, Avrom

(or Goldfaden), (1840-1908)
   Born Avraham Goldenfudim in Russia, Avrom Goldfadn spent most of his working life there as the "Father of Yiddish Theatre." He first visited New York in 1887 to establish an American Yiddish theatre in a similar style. Many of his plays became major successes, including Koldunye; or, The Witch (1877), The Fanatic; or, The Two Kuni Lemls (c. 1880), Bar-Kokhba; or, The Last Days of Jersusalem (1883), and Schulamis; or, The Daughter of Jerusalem (c. 1883). His final play, Ben-Ami; or, Son of My People (1908), was produced in New York shortly before Goldfadn's death. Although his work was by then considered passé, over 30,000 people participated in his funeral procession in Brooklyn, New York. Goldfadn's dramas were recognized as Yiddish theatre classics to be frequently revived. Comic characters like Shmendrik and songs like the lullaby "Raisins and Almonds," composed for Schulamis, won enduring fame.

The Historical Dictionary of the American Theater. .

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  • Moscow State Jewish Theater — The Moscow State Jewish Theater, Russian language: Московский Государственный Еврейский Театр, also known by its acronym GOSET: ГОСЕТ) was a Yiddish theater company established in 1919 and shut down in 1948 by the Soviet authorities. Originated… …   Wikipedia

  • Kalish — (or Kalich), Bertha (1874 1939)    Born in Galicia in the Austro Hungarian Empire, Bertha Kalish studied at the Lemberg Conservatory before acting in Polish opera and Yiddish theatre, where she achieved success before moving on to the Bucharest… …   The Historical Dictionary of the American Theater

  • Mogulesko, Sigmund — (1858 1914)    Born in Romania, the Yiddish comedian pleased Bucharest audiences as Shmendrik, a comic character written for him by Avrom Goldfadn. His talent rested a great deal upon the radiance of his personality. After 1886, he appeared in… …   The Historical Dictionary of the American Theater

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